Periodic Table Map

H

1

1.008

1s1

Hydrogen

Year discovered1766
Standard stategas
Melting point (K)14
Boiling point (K)20
Density (g/cm3)0.0000899

He

2

4.003

1s2

Helium

Year discovered1868
Standard stategas
Melting point (K)0.95
Boiling point (K)4
Density (g/cm3)0.0001785

Li

3

6.941

[He] 2s1

Lithium

Year discovered1817
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)454
Boiling point (K)1615
Density (g/cm3)0.535

Be

4

9.012

[He] 2s2

Beryllium

Year discovered1798
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1560
Boiling point (K)2743
Density (g/cm3)1.848

B

5

10.811

[He] 2s22p1

Boron

Year discovered1807
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)2348
Boiling point (K)4273
Density (g/cm3)2.46

C

6

12.011

[He] 2s22p2

Carbon

Year discoveredAncient
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)3823
Boiling point (K)4300
Density (g/cm3)2.26

N

7

14.007

[He] 2s22p3

Nitrogen

Year discovered1772
Standard stategas
Melting point (K)63
Boiling point (K)77
Density (g/cm3)0.001251

O

8

15.999

[He] 2s22p4

Oxygen

Year discovered1774
Standard stategas
Melting point (K)55
Boiling point (K)90
Density (g/cm3)0.001429

F

9

18.998

[He] 2s22p5

Fluorine

Year discovered1670
Standard stategas
Melting point (K)54
Boiling point (K)85
Density (g/cm3)0.001696

Ne

10

20.18

[He] 2s22p6

Neon

Year discovered1898
Standard stategas
Melting point (K)25
Boiling point (K)27
Density (g/cm3)0.0009

Na

11

22.99

[Ne] 3s1

Sodium

Year discovered1807
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)371
Boiling point (K)1156
Density (g/cm3)0.968

Mg

12

24.305

[Ne] 3s2

Magnesium

Year discovered1808
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)923
Boiling point (K)1363
Density (g/cm3)1.738

Al

13

26.982

[Ne] 3s23p1

Aluminium

Year discoveredAncient
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)933
Boiling point (K)2792
Density (g/cm3)2.7

Si

14

28.085

[Ne] 3s23p2

Silicon

Year discovered1854
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1687
Boiling point (K)3173
Density (g/cm3)2.33

P

15

30.974

[Ne] 3s23p3

Phosphorus

Year discovered1669
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)317
Boiling point (K)554
Density (g/cm3)1.823

S

16

32.065

[Ne] 3s23p4

Sulfur

Year discoveredAncient
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)388
Boiling point (K)718
Density (g/cm3)1.96

Cl

17

35.453

[Ne] 3s23p5

Chlorine

Year discovered1774
Standard stategas
Melting point (K)172
Boiling point (K)239
Density (g/cm3)0.003214

Ar

18

39.948

[Ne] 3s23p6

Argon

Year discovered1894
Standard stategas
Melting point (K)84
Boiling point (K)87
Density (g/cm3)0.001784

K

19

39.098

[Ar] 4s1

Potassium

Year discovered1807
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)337
Boiling point (K)1032
Density (g/cm3)0.856

Ca

20

40.078

[Ar] 4s2

Calcium

Year discoveredAncient
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1115
Boiling point (K)1757
Density (g/cm3)1.55

Sc

21

44.956

[Ar] 3d14s2

Scandium

Year discovered1876
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1814
Boiling point (K)3103
Density (g/cm3)2.985

Ti

22

47.867

[Ar] 3d24s2

Titanium

Year discovered1791
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1941
Boiling point (K)3560
Density (g/cm3)4.507

V

23

50.941

[Ar] 3d34s2

Vanadium

Year discovered1803
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)2183
Boiling point (K)3680
Density (g/cm3)6.11

Cr

24

51.996

[Ar] 3d54s1

Chromium

Year discoveredAncient
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)2180
Boiling point (K)2944
Density (g/cm3)7.14

Mn

25

54.938

[Ar] 3d54s2

Manganese

Year discovered1774
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1519
Boiling point (K)2334
Density (g/cm3)7.47

Fe

26

55.845

[Ar] 3d64s2

Iron

Year discoveredAncient
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1811
Boiling point (K)3134
Density (g/cm3)7.874

Co

27

58.933

[Ar] 3d74s2

Cobalt

Year discoveredAncient
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1768
Boiling point (K)3200
Density (g/cm3)8.9

Ni

28

58.693

[Ar] 3d84s2

Nickel

Year discovered1751
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1728
Boiling point (K)3186
Density (g/cm3)8.908

Cu

29

63.546

[Ar] 3d104s1

Copper

Year discoveredAncient
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1358
Boiling point (K)3200
Density (g/cm3)8.92

Zn

30

65.38

[Ar] 3d104s2

Zinc

Year discovered1746
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)693
Boiling point (K)1180
Density (g/cm3)7.14

Ga

31

69.723

[Ar] 3d104s24p1

Gallium

Year discovered1875
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)303
Boiling point (K)2477
Density (g/cm3)5.904

Ge

32

72.64

[Ar] 3d104s24p2

Germanium

Year discovered1886
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1211
Boiling point (K)3093
Density (g/cm3)5.323

As

33

74.922

[Ar] 3d104s24p3

Arsenic

Year discoveredAncient
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1090
Boiling point (K)887
Density (g/cm3)5.727

Se

34

78.96

[Ar] 3d104s24p4

Selenium

Year discovered1817
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)494
Boiling point (K)958
Density (g/cm3)4.819

Br

35

79.904

[Ar] 3d104s24p5

Bromine

Year discovered1826
Standard stateliquid
Melting point (K)266
Boiling point (K)332
Density (g/cm3)3.12

Kr

36

83.798

[Ar] 3d104s24p6

Krypton

Year discovered1898
Standard stategas
Melting point (K)116
Boiling point (K)120
Density (g/cm3)0.00375

Rb

37

85.468

[Kr] 5s1

Rubidium

Year discovered1861
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)312
Boiling point (K)961
Density (g/cm3)1.532

Sr

38

87.62

[Kr] 5s2

Strontium

Year discovered1790
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1050
Boiling point (K)1655
Density (g/cm3)2.63

Y

39

88.906

[Kr] 4d15s2

Yttrium

Year discovered1794
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1799
Boiling point (K)3618
Density (g/cm3)4.472

Zr

40

91.224

[Kr] 4d25s2

Zirconium

Year discovered1789
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)2128
Boiling point (K)4682
Density (g/cm3)6.511

Nb

41

92.906

[Kr] 4d45s1

Niobium

Year discovered1801
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)2750
Boiling point (K)5017
Density (g/cm3)8.57

Mo

42

95.96

[Kr] 4d55s1

Molybdenum

Year discovered1778
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)2896
Boiling point (K)4912
Density (g/cm3)10.28

Tc

43

98

[Kr] 4d55s2

Technetium

Year discovered1937
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)2430
Boiling point (K)4538
Density (g/cm3)11.5

Ru

44

101.07

[Kr] 4d75s1

Ruthenium

Year discovered1827
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)2607
Boiling point (K)4423
Density (g/cm3)12.37

Rh

45

102.906

[Kr] 4d85s1

Rhodium

Year discovered1803
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)2237
Boiling point (K)3968
Density (g/cm3)12.45

Pd

46

106.42

[Kr] 4d10

Palladium

Year discovered1803
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1828
Boiling point (K)3236
Density (g/cm3)12.023

Ag

47

107.868

[Kr] 4d105s1

Silver

Year discoveredAncient
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1235
Boiling point (K)2435
Density (g/cm3)10.49

Cd

48

112.411

[Kr] 4d105s2

Cadmium

Year discovered1817
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)594
Boiling point (K)1040
Density (g/cm3)8.65

In

49

114.818

[Kr] 4d105s25p1

Indium

Year discovered1863
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)430
Boiling point (K)2345
Density (g/cm3)7.31

Sn

50

118.71

[Kr] 4d105s25p2

Tin

Year discoveredAncient
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)505
Boiling point (K)2875
Density (g/cm3)7.31

Sb

51

121.76

[Kr] 4d105s25p3

Antimony

Year discoveredAncient
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)904
Boiling point (K)1860
Density (g/cm3)6.697

Te

52

127.6

[Kr] 4d105s25p4

Tellurium

Year discovered1782
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)723
Boiling point (K)1261
Density (g/cm3)6.24

I

53

126.904

[Kr] 4d105s25p5

Iodine

Year discovered1811
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)387
Boiling point (K)457
Density (g/cm3)4.94

Xe

54

131.293

[Kr] 4d105s25p6

Xenon

Year discovered1898
Standard stategas
Melting point (K)161
Boiling point (K)165
Density (g/cm3)0.0059

Cs

55

132.905

[Xe] 6s1

Caesium

Year discovered1860
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)302
Boiling point (K)944
Density (g/cm3)1.879

Ba

56

137.327

[Xe] 6s2

Barium

Year discovered1808
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1000
Boiling point (K)2143
Density (g/cm3)3.51

57-71

*

Lanthanides

Hf

72

178.49

[Xe] 4f145d26s2

Hafnium

Year discovered1923
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)2506
Boiling point (K)4876
Density (g/cm3)13.31

Ta

73

180.948

[Xe] 4f145d36s2

Tantalum

Year discovered1802
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)3290
Boiling point (K)5731
Density (g/cm3)16.65

W

74

183.84

[Xe] 4f145d46s2

Tungsten

Year discovered1783
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)3695
Boiling point (K)5828
Density (g/cm3)19.25

Re

75

186.207

[Xe] 4f145d56s2

Rhenium

Year discovered1925
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)3459
Boiling point (K)5869
Density (g/cm3)21.02

Os

76

190.23

[Xe] 4f145d66s2

Osmium

Year discovered1803
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)3306
Boiling point (K)5285
Density (g/cm3)22.61

Ir

77

192.217

[Xe] 4f145d76s2

Iridium

Year discovered1803
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)2739
Boiling point (K)4701
Density (g/cm3)22.65

Pt

78

195.084

[Xe] 4f145d96s1

Platinum

Year discoveredAncient
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)2041
Boiling point (K)4098
Density (g/cm3)21.09

Au

79

196.967

[Xe] 4f145d106s1

Gold

Year discoveredAncient
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1337
Boiling point (K)3129
Density (g/cm3)19.3

Hg

80

200.59

[Xe] 4f145d106s2

Mercury

Year discoveredAncient
Standard stateliquid
Melting point (K)234
Boiling point (K)630
Density (g/cm3)13.534

Tl

81

204.383

[Xe] 4f145d106s26p1

Thallium

Year discovered1861
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)577
Boiling point (K)1746
Density (g/cm3)11.85

Pb

82

207.2

[Xe] 4f145d106s26p2

Lead

Year discoveredAncient
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)601
Boiling point (K)2022
Density (g/cm3)11.34

Bi

83

208.98

[Xe] 4f145d106s26p3

Bismuth

Year discoveredAncient
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)544
Boiling point (K)1837
Density (g/cm3)9.78

Po

84

209

[Xe] 4f145d106s26p4

Polonium

Year discovered1898
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)527
Boiling point (K)1235
Density (g/cm3)9.196

At

85

210

[Xe] 4f145d106s26p5

Astatine

Year discovered1940
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)575
Boiling point (K)623
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Rn

86

222

[Xe] 4f145d106s26p6

Radon

Year discovered1900
Standard stategas
Melting point (K)202
Boiling point (K)211
Density (g/cm3)0.00973

Fr

87

223

[Rn] 7s1

Francium

Year discovered1939
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)Unknown
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Ra

88

226

[Rn] 7s2

Radium

Year discovered1898
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)973
Boiling point (K)2010
Density (g/cm3)5

89-103

**

Actinides

Rf

104

267

[Rn] 5f146d27s2

Rutherfordium

Year discovered1969
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)Unknown
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Db

105

268

[Rn] 5f146d37s2

Dubnium

Year discovered1967
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)Unknown
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Sg

106

271

[Rn] 5f146d47s2

Seaborgium

Year discovered1974
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)Unknown
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Bh

107

272

[Rn] 5f146d57s2

Bohrium

Year discovered1976
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)Unknown
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Hs

108

270

[Rn] 5f146d67s2

Hassium

Year discovered1984
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)Unknown
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Mt

109

276

[Rn] 5f146d77s2

Meitnerium

Year discovered1982
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)Unknown
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Ds

110

281

[Rn] 5f146d97s1

Darmstadtium

Year discovered1994
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)Unknown
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Rg

111

280

[Rn] 5f146d107s1

Roentgenium

Year discovered1994
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)Unknown
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Cn

112

285

[Rn] 5f146d107s2

Copernicium

Year discovered1996
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)Unknown
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Nh

113

284

[Rn] 5f146d107s27p1

Nihonium

Year discovered2003
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)Unknown
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Fl

114

289

[Rn] 5f146d107s27p2

Flerovium

Year discovered1998
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)Unknown
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Mc

115

288

[Rn] 5f146d107s27p3

Moscovium

Year discovered2003
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)Unknown
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Lv

116

293

[Rn] 5f146d107s27p4

Livermorium

Year discovered2000
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)Unknown
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Ts

117

294

[Rn] 5f146d107s27p5

Tennessine

Year discovered2010
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)Unknown
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Og

118

294

[Rn] 5f146d107s27p6

Oganesson

Year discovered2002
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)Unknown
Boiling point (K)N/A
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

La

57

138.905

[Xe] 5d16s2

Lanthanum

Year discovered1839
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1193
Boiling point (K)3737
Density (g/cm3)6.146

Ce

58

140.116

[Xe] 4f15d16s2

Cerium

Year discovered1803
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1071
Boiling point (K)3633
Density (g/cm3)6.689

Pr

59

140.908

[Xe] 4f36s2

Praseodymium

Year discovered1885
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1204
Boiling point (K)3563
Density (g/cm3)6.64

Nd

60

144.242

[Xe] 4f46s2

Neodymium

Year discovered1885
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1294
Boiling point (K)3373
Density (g/cm3)7.01

Pm

61

145

[Xe] 4f56s2

Promethium

Year discovered1947
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1373
Boiling point (K)3273
Density (g/cm3)7.264

Sm

62

150.36

[Xe] 4f66s2

Samarium

Year discovered1853
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1345
Boiling point (K)2076
Density (g/cm3)7.353

Eu

63

151.964

[Xe] 4f76s2

Europium

Year discovered1901
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1095
Boiling point (K)1800
Density (g/cm3)5.244

Gd

64

157.25

[Xe] 4f75d16s2

Gadolinium

Year discovered1880
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1586
Boiling point (K)3523
Density (g/cm3)7.901

Tb

65

158.925

[Xe] 4f96s2

Terbium

Year discovered1843
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1629
Boiling point (K)3503
Density (g/cm3)8.219

Dy

66

162.5

[Xe] 4f106s2

Dysprosium

Year discovered1886
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1685
Boiling point (K)2840
Density (g/cm3)8.551

Ho

67

164.93

[Xe] 4f116s2

Holmium

Year discovered1878
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1747
Boiling point (K)2973
Density (g/cm3)8.795

Er

68

167.259

[Xe] 4f126s2

Erbium

Year discovered1842
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1770
Boiling point (K)3141
Density (g/cm3)9.066

Tm

69

168.934

[Xe] 4f136s2

Thulium

Year discovered1879
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1818
Boiling point (K)2223
Density (g/cm3)9.321

Yb

70

173.054

[Xe] 4f146s2

Ytterbium

Year discovered1878
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1092
Boiling point (K)1469
Density (g/cm3)6.57

Lu

71

174.967

[Xe] 4f145d16s2

Lutetium

Year discovered1907
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1936
Boiling point (K)3675
Density (g/cm3)9.841

Ac

89

227

[Rn] 6d17s2

Actinium

Year discovered1899
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1323
Boiling point (K)3473
Density (g/cm3)10.07

Th

90

232.038

[Rn] 6d27s2

Thorium

Year discovered1828
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)2023
Boiling point (K)5093
Density (g/cm3)11.724

Pa

91

231.036

[Rn] 5f26d17s2

Protactinium

Year discovered1913
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1845
Boiling point (K)4273
Density (g/cm3)15.37

U

92

238.029

[Rn] 5f36d17s2

Uranium

Year discovered1789
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1408
Boiling point (K)4200
Density (g/cm3)19.05

Np

93

237

[Rn] 5f46d17s2

Neptunium

Year discovered1940
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)917
Boiling point (K)4273
Density (g/cm3)20.45

Pu

94

244

[Rn] 5f67s2

Plutonium

Year discovered1940
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)913
Boiling point (K)3503
Density (g/cm3)19.816

Am

95

243

[Rn] 5f77s2

Americium

Year discovered1944
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1449
Boiling point (K)2284
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Cm

96

247

[Rn] 5f76d17s2

Curium

Year discovered1944
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1618
Boiling point (K)3383
Density (g/cm3)13.51

Bk

97

247

[Rn] 5f97s2

Berkelium

Year discovered1949
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1323
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)14.78

Cf

98

251

[Rn] 5f107s2

Californium

Year discovered1950
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1173
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)15.1

Es

99

252

[Rn] 5f117s2

Einsteinium

Year discovered1952
Standard statesolid
Melting point (K)1133
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Fm

100

257

[Rn] 5f127s2

Fermium

Year discovered1952
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)1800
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Md

101

258

[Rn] 5f137s2

Mendelevium

Year discovered1955
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)1100
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

No

102

259

[Rn] 5f147s2

Nobelium

Year discovered1957
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)1100
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown

Lr

103

262

[Rn] 5f147s27p1

Lawrencium

Year discovered1961
Standard stateUnknown
Melting point (K)1900
Boiling point (K)Unknown
Density (g/cm3)Unknown